Bolivia

BOL

Bolivia

Land has always been a fundamental issue in Bolivia. It is the backbone of demands by the country’s peasant and indigenous movements. Thus, it also has been part of government programs and of other national actors´ agendas.

The debate was traditionally focused on Agrarian Reform, which establishes that "the land belongs to those who work it.” For this reason, it created tensions between peasants and landowners. However, in recent years, as the rights of Indigenous Peoples were increasingly recognized, the right to territory was expressed as a type of property right. Special attention was also given to the use of natural resources for indigenous populations. This has made agrarian land tenure more complex, with three fundamental actors (peasants, indigenous people and businesspeople) competing against each other for land and rights to land. Now, economic interests are vying for control of the country’s most productive lands, the expansion of agrarian capitalism is in the hands of national and transnational corporation, and national and subnational governments are implementing contradictory policies. There is growing debate over food security and sovereignty, and on the need to produce healthy and nutritious food for the country's population.

Indicators

Indicator Years Value

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Measurement unit
Number

Rural population refers to the share (%) of people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ratio between Urban Population and Total Population.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Distribution of agricultural holders by sex (female - Share %) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Measurement unit
Percentage

GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates.

Measurement unit
PPP$ 2011

Total funding for programmes still ongoing in January 2016 (US $).

Measurement unit
US$ (Current)

Total number of programmes still ongoing in January 2016

Measurement unit
Number

Mapping

Loading map...

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Compare countries

Loading chart...

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Loading spider chart
Loading pie chart

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Arable land (1'000 Ha) is the land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Permanent crops (1'000 Ha) - land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Permanent meadows and pastures - land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Infographics


Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Media

    Latest News

    15 January 2017
    Bolivia
    Ecuador
    New Zealand

    Indigenous battles to defend nature have taken to the streets, leading to powerful mobilizations like the gathering at Standing Rock. They have also taken to the courts, through the development of innovative legal ways of protecting nature. In Ecuador, Bolivia and New Zealand, indigenous activism has helped spur the creation of a novel legal phenomenon -- the idea that nature itself can have rights.

    3 February 2017
    Bolivia

    By: Linda Farthing 

    Date: 1 February 2017

    Source: Earth Island Journal

    As Lake Poopó vanishes, depleted by water diversions and warming temperatures, it leaves behind an uncertain future for Indigenous Urus

    Latest Blog

    When indigenous peoples have access and rights to their lands, nature and people are better off Image: REUTERS/Roosevelt Cassio
    Bolivia
    Brazil
    Colombia
    Global

    By Gina Cosentino, Social Development Specialist, World Bank and Climate Investment Funds

    Everything old is new again, at least when it comes to searching for workable and proven solutions to addressing climate change. Indigenous peoples have developed, over time, innovative climate-smart practices rooted in traditional knowledge and their relationship with nature.

    Latest Events

    14 November 2016 to 18 November 2016

    Location

    Tiquipaya, Department of Cochabamba
    Bolivia
    BO
    Bolivia

    The III Continental Summit of Indigenous Communication of Abya Yala will be officially presented at this year’s session of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. The event will take place on Wednesday, May 18th from 6:15 to 7:30 PM at the CR7 room in the United Nations building in New York, in an event organized by a delegation from Bolivia, as well as by delegates from other member countries of the International Commission of the Summit.

    Debate

    Closed
    23 January 2017 to 24 February 2017
    Facilitators
    Raquel Ludermir Bernardino
    Maria Luisa Alvarado
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    Bolivia
    Colombia
    Ecuador
    Paraguay
    Peru
    Closed
    23 October 2016 to 25 November 2016
    Facilitators
    Alejandro Diez
    gonzalocolque
    Sergio Coronado
    Juan Pablo Chumacero
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    South America
    Argentina
    Bolivia
    Brazil
    Chile
    Colombia
    Ecuador
    Guyana
    Paraguay
    Peru
    Suriname
    Venezuela

    Generally, most rural land in the world has been in the hands of local peasant communities and indigenous peoples under customary land tenure systems; historically although, land ownership in rural areas, and natural resources contained in it, have been a source of tension between different actors with different ways to understand and take ownership. In this conflict of interest, usually rural and indigenous communities with collective forms of property, have lost out.

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 626
    Institutional & promotional materials
    December 2017
    Bolivia

    La Plataforma de Beijing, aprobada en la Cuarta Conferencia Mundial sobre la Mujer (1995), señala el deber de los gobiernos de emprender reformas administrativas y legislativas para dar a la mujer acceso pleno y equitativo a los recursos económicos, incluido el derecho a la herencia y la posesión de tierras, el acceso a créditos, recursos y tecnologías. Adicionalmente, existen varios tratados y leyes internacionales y nacionales que abordan la necesidad de garantizar estos derechos para promover el desarrollo y garantizar la igualdad.

    Reports & Research
    December 2017
    Argentina
    Bolivia
    Colombia
    Peru
    Paraguay

    A nivel mundial, en los últimos años se lograron avances importantes en relación a la igualdad de género en el marco de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio (ODM). Sin embargo, las mujeres y las niñas siguen sufriendo discriminación y violencia en todos los lugares del mundo. Por ello, para alcanzar un mundo sostenible e igualitario es necesario cerrar las brechas de género.

    Reports & Research
    June 2017
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    Costa Rica
    Guatemala
    Honduras
    Nicaragua
    Panama
    Argentina
    Bolivia
    Colombia
    Ecuador
    Paraguay
    Peru
    Uruguay
    Venezuela

    Es una realidad que hay contradicciones en cuanto al manejo y la tenencia de la tierra en América Latina, siendo una situación importante que impacta en las economías locales y en la vida de millones de personas. Aunque en las últimas dos décadas la mayoría de los países latinoamericanos han implementado en su legislación medidas para promover el acceso y derecho de la mujer a la tierra, siguen existiendo limitaciones que no han permitido un mayor avance hacia la equidad en la distribución de la tierra.

    Conference Papers & Reports
    April 2017
    Bolivia

    En menos de dos décadas, en Bolivia estamos viendo cómo, por un lado, se consolida un modelo agrario dominante de agricultura empresarial a gran escala y, por otro, la agricultura a pequeña escala de campesinos e indígenas, que todavía muchos creemos que es la que provee la mayor parte de los alimentoso que consumimos.

    Institutional & promotional materials
    December 2016
    Bolivia

    Un alto porcentaje de la población femenina trabaja en el sector agrícola y asume la responsabilidad de la producción y la economía de la familia y la comunidad dedicando mayor tiempo a las actividades agrícolas, cuidado del ganado, tejido, labores del hogar y trabajo colectivo en sus comunidades, debido a la fuerte migración de los hombres a las urbes y centros poblados, las mujeres cumplen una importantísima función para la seguridad alimentaria, ya que trabajan en casi la totalidad de las etapas de la agricultura.

    Multimedia
    December 2016
    Bolivia

    The Guarani people of the municipality of Macharetí in the department of Chuquisaca Bolivia, for many fought for land titling. Currently and after five titling processes, Macharetí Community Association holds title to 184,757 hectares which include the territory of Yembiguasu land away from the community surrounding the border with Paraguay and now part of the community.